The reason being that a sungrazer comet, C/1811 F1 made a close pass in front of our planet in late November/early December to cause extreme climate change, the mini ice age from 1811-1817, the many earthquakes, eruptions, weather events, eventually causing the eruption of mount Tambora in 1815 and caused "the year without a summer-1816". Temperatures have risen ever since this date...
I invite you to go through all the details and to see the amount of evidence pointing to this scenario, begin at-
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/science- ... k-articles
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/moment-s ... =prof-post
Place your vote, start here- http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/ ... ary-scale/
lots of info. to go through, hope this finds your interest...
[...immediate crater- northeastern Marshall county, Mississippi, extending partly into Tennessee, approx. 3 miles in diameter...]
[...this line, drawn from New Madrid bend to north Slayden, shows angle, direction and force of impact...and notice the larger waves of the shock pattern going from each river off of the Mississippi river down through their valleys through the state of Mississippi...]
[...the entire Mississippi embayment shows the shockwave pattern of an enormous astrobleme from a meteor impact that restructured the entire river valley on December 16, 1811...]
...this picture is of a young girl's chest, formed to rock from the ejecta [notice the fingernail and necklace]
...melt rock with fusion crust...
..."rocks sounded as if boiling and popping", this one ejected two shatter cones [notice the tiny meteorite of much harder rock left within the hollow shatter cone]...
...large hollow cometary impactite [this one was broken, contained very fine-grained sand with some vitrification and later was put back together]
...large meteorite with vitrification covered in nanodiamonds [notice the "wing shape" as it cooled and formed in mid-air from molten state...]...
1. KOOLKREATIONS INC An extraterrestrial origin for the Upland Formation of the Mississippi embayment 1811 A Comet and A Quake Tony Hood
2. An Extraterrestrial Origin for the upland formation of the Mississippi Embayment This is an investigationinto findingsthat suggest a meteor from a serial impact off the dust tail of Comet C/1811 F1 was the initialmechanism to cause the New Madrid earthquakesof 1811-1812. There is a central, semi-circular structure in northeastern Marshallcounty, Mississippi, extending partly into Tennessee, which every line in the topography emanates out from in a shockwave pattern. On the northwest face and near mid-basin, there is a central rebound peak where numerous unusualrocks were found with all aspects of impactitesand meteorites with fusion crust, the appearanceof nanodiamondsand shocked quartz. Currently the evidence consists of the originalaccounts, newspaper articles, astronomers observations, impactites [rocks], dendrology,scientific data, immediate topographyand satellite views. On satellite, with the upper embayment in view, draw a line down the middleof the New Madridbend to where the impactiteswere found in North Slayden,Mississippi. Notice the design in the terrain showing angle, direction and force of
3. impact. Coordinates: 34* 58’ 31.38” x 89* 24”17.15” should take you to a small field near mid-basin. From thispoint pan out to Mill Pond and Mill Pond Road, just where it meets with Early Grove Road followsthe circularterrain of the inner basin. Just to the east of Early Grove rd. is a white sand creek [Early Grove creek]. Follow this northward, over the Tennessee state line, upward passed the Wolf river bottoms, through a tree line to the west and back down, to the other side and passed the western side of the impression. This is the first in a series of shockwaves, reverberates out many times to the edge of, and shows the same design as the outer shape of the embayment. Pan out, following each river to the north, [the
4. Hatchie River, Wolf River, LoosahathieRiver,…] shows the larger waves from a shock pattern that extends out to The Tennessee River on the east passed The St. Francis River on the west. Below this structure the terrain runs from east to west and is where the landwas pullednorthward to produce large chasms that were later blocked by earthen dams to form lakes, [such as Arkabutla,Sardis and Enid]. All the semi-circular fractures throughout Eastern Arkansas and sand blows encircle this structure. The crater hasbeen subjected to extensive amounts of erosion, foliage growth and development,mostly because of being in such a fertile river valley.Once this is removed, all lines in the topographysurround and point to this central location.
5. Reading the original accountsgives better understandingof what was actuallywitnessed. There were many to see meteoric lights before, during and after the first earthquake as far as SavannahGeorgia, [way too far to be any naturallyoccurring earthquake lights]. Many to believe the comet had went down in the Ohio river or had touched the mountainsof California. Lights were seen so bright that, at two-thirty in the morning a needle could be seen on the floor… The astronomers observationsagree. The comet was seen as fifty percent larger than the Sun in October of 1811 and William Herschel reported the comet’s tail becoming significantly shorter in November as it was coming toward him. Comet C/1811 F1 must have been a Sungrazer comet as it wasn’t seen from mid-June 1811 until the latter part of August 1811, which gives it the approximate amount of time for it to travel around the Sun, breaking it apart and then to pass in front of Earth, leaving a trail of debris and, as the planetrevolved through a meteoroid filled dust tail for over a month caused several meteors to impact, one large enough to reshape the entire Mississippi river valley. On this same day, December 16, 1811, Caracas, Venezuelawas also destroyed. Find accounts of the many disasters associated with the close passing of a comet at “Travels to the equinoctialregionsof America”, chapter14, by Alexander Von Humboldt,as thiswas more than seismic activity
6. throughout the central United States but was a global catastrophe…
Crater coordinates: Northern rim- 35* 00’ 17.25”N x 89* 24’ 27.52”W Southern rim- 34* 58’ 3.25”N x 89* 24’ 22.25”W Eastern rim- 34* 59’ 11.27”N x 89* 22’ 55.96”W Western rim- 34* 59’ 15.18”N x 89* 25’ 45.75”W White sand creek [first in a series of shock waves]- West- 34* 58’ 28.86”N x 89* 26’ 16.50”W Northwest- 35* 01’ 59.99”N x 89* 24’ 25.09”W Northeast- 35* 01’ 05.53”N x 89* 22’ 37.80”W East- 34* 58’ 17.95”N x 89* 22’ 37.80”W Approximate crater diameter- 4.25 kilometers or 2.64 miles
7. References: http://koolkreations.wix.com/kalopins-legacy 1. “Travels to the equinoctialregionsof America”, Alexander Von Humboldt, Chapter14 https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/h/humboldt/alexander/tr avels/chapter14.html 2. “1811-12 New Madridearthquakes, a NEO Connection” http://www.datasync.com/~rsf1/1811.htm
8. 3. “A detailednarrative of the earthquakeswhich occurred on the 16th day of December, 1811” Samuel L. Mitchill, transcriptionsand notes Susan E. Hough http://pasadena.wr.usgs.gov/office/hough/mitchill.html 4. New Madrid newspapers, The Messenger, February 28, 1811 http://www.hsv.com/genlintr/newmadrd/newspapers/Th e_Messenger-Feb_28_1811.jpg fourth column nearthe top “…the comet appearedhazy an dim…” 5. Eyewitnesses to Mississippiriver earthquaketerror, Susan E. Hough http://www.showme.net/~fkeller/quake/lib/eyewitness1. htm 6. C/1811 F1 [Great Comet], Gary W. Kronk’s Cometography http://www.cometography.com/lcomets/1811f1.html 7. “Panther across the sky- Tecumseh and the New Madrid earthquake”, DavidYarrow http://www.ratical.org/ratville/Tecumseh.html 8. “New Madrid, first steamboat, quakes, comet”, William L. Pierce http://www.showme.net/~fkeller/quake/lib/roosevelt.ht m 9. “Newspaper accountsof the new Madridearthquakes”, Rootsweb, Don E. Wright
9. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~monewmad/nm- history/paper-5.htm 10. Charleston S.C. Courier newspaper, Dec. 29-30, 1811 http://www.showme.net/~fkeller/quake/savannah.htm 11. USGS, Historic earthquakes, “New Madrid 1811-1812 earthquakes” U.S. GeologicalSurvey http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/18 11_overview.php 12. “Model for the tectonic evolutionof the Mississippi embayment and its contemporary seismicity” M.F. Kane, T.G. Hildenbrand, J.D. Hendricks http://geology.geoscienceworld.org/content/9/12/563.ab stract http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S02643 70702000194"...
A most amazing piece of lost history, this evidence will show that a meteor impact was the cause of the New Madrid earthquakes of 1811-1812...
There were many strange events during these years. A great comet appeared in the sky in March 1811, disappeared in June to late August and when reappeared was seen as one and a half times the size of the Sun in October. Observations saw the comet coming toward Earth and as it passed in front of the planet in late November/early December leaving a trail of debris, produced a serial impact, causing earthquakes, eruptions, extreme weather conditions and many disasters. Thousands of small meteors, made mainly of only ice and sand hit the eastern coast of the United States forming the Carolina bays, near this same moment in time Caracas, Venezuela had a major earthquake, killing many thousands and on December 16, 1811 at two-thirty in the morning, a meteor impacted northeastern Mississippi and was large enough to reshape the entire river valley..
As this meteor was directed toward New Madrid , Missouri and was too far away to see the impact and happened at night, it was misunderstood as an earthquake, yet there were many accounts of meteoric lights across the skies, prior to the quake, some as far away as Savannah, Georgia, way too far to see any kind of naturally occurring earthquake lights, black smoke, smells of sulfur, explosions and even rocks sounding as if "boiling and popping" Many stated they thought the comet had went down in the Ohio river or had "touched the mountain of California". In one account a man in Louisville, Kentucky said it was so bright, at two-thirty in the morning, that he could see a needle on the floor. In fact there are many historical accounts and stories describing a meteor impact.
Though this information has been misunderstood by the misconceptions and the superstitions of a more primitive time, the evidence is now coming out. Not only the historical accounts but scientific and observational data, impactites [rocks] and all the satellite views agree and now, just recently, the impact site has been discovered. Just at the top of northeastern Marshall county, Mississippi and extending partly into Tennessee there is a circular structure, a central concave impression, which every hill in the valley emanates out from in a shockwave pattern. About a three mile diameter crater, near the middle there is a central rebound peak with many canyons and creeks running out from containing several spherule beds. Many unusual rocks were found with every aspect in appearance to impactites, meteorites and melt rock of all sorts. These rocks are from a meteor coming from the close passing of a comet and are among the rarest ever found...
...For further study, read the book "Travels to the equinoctial regions of America", chapter 14, by Alexander Von Humboldt, https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/h/humbol ... ter14.html which has excellent accounts of the many disasters which occurred at this same moment in time and in the same area. This was much more than just a seismic event in the central United States, but a global catastrophe... The close passing of this sungrazer comet c/1811 f1 was the cause of the mini ice age from 1811-1817, the cause of the many quakes and eruptions including Mt. Tambora in 1815, "the year without a summer, 1816" and resulted in major climate change. It is a fact that temperatures have been rising ever since these events and the passing of this comet..
This is an invitation to further investigate and explore a great amount of lost history and misunderstood science in hopes that all will learn from these past events, to be better prepared and be able to mitigate the effects from such a future occurrence...
Start the adventure and get the book-
"Kalopins Legacy 1811 a comet and a quake"
[the above is an excerpt from "Museum receives Meteorites" on page 16-section 1 of "The South Reporter" Thursday, October 2, 2015
http://www.scienceforums.net/topic/9273 ... r-16-1811/ -
This is some very important information concerning our science and history and what was a meteor impact to northern Mississippi to cause the New Madrid earthquakes of 1811-1812.
Just to the top of northeastern Marshall county, Mississippi there is a circular structure extending partly into Tennessee, which every hill in the valley and every line in the topography emanates out from, in a shock-wave pattern, to the Tennessee river on the east,to out passed the St.Francis river on the west. Panning out from here, draw a line down the middle of the New Madrid bend [in the upper northwest corner of Tennessee] straight to north Slayden, Mississippi to view the lines showing angle, direction and force of the impact written in the topography. Follow each river to the north, [Wolf river, Hatchie river, Loosahatche river..]., from the Mississippi river down through their valleys, through the state of Mississippi to see the larger waves from the shock.
I believe it to be not quite a three mile in diameter crater, with a central rebound peak, with many canyons and deep creeks running out from. In these creeks there are several spherule beds,where many unusual rocks have been found,with every aspect of impactites, meteorites and melt rock of all sorts, what appears to be nanodiamonds and shocked quartz, [though not confirmed, yet].
Following out to each line in topography, there are a couple roads, Mill Pond road and Early Grove road. Where they meet they follow the circular pattern of the inner basin. Just to the east of where these roads meet is a white sand creek, Early Grove creek. Follow this creek up passed the Tennessee state line, passed the Wolf river bottoms, to the west through a tree line and back down through Mount Pleasant to back down passed the impression. This is the first in a series of shock waves that reverberates out many times to the edge of the embayment and is almost the exact same design as the outer edge of the Mississippi embayment. All the semi-circular fractures throughout eastern Arkansas, the sand blows and every line surrounds this central location like a bulls-eye.
The land to the south of impact all runs from east to west and left large chasms, some of which were dammed up and made in to lakes, such as Sardis, Enid and Arkabutla. The valley was pushed upward to the north to a great degree, [known as the "upper mid-land drift", "new Madrid lines", "upland complex","upland formation"] changing its entire geography. It was believed an ice sheet had somehow pulled this land upward, until an Illinois geologist determined the moraines never made it down this far. Then it was thought that inland seas had somehow formed these lines over millions of years, though the lines are more or less evenly spaced and are not beach fronts, that and the fact that there are several descriptions of the shock wave as it occurred within the historical accounts...
Currently the several spherule beds in the northern part of the embayment are considered to be from the Chesapeake bay impact event and the spherule beds in the lower embayment are thought to be from the Chicxulub impact event. This evidence will tie everything together, to an impact on December 16, 1811 from the close passing of a sungrazer comet...
The entire Mississippi embayment is the design left from a large bolide impact, an astrobleme...
Going through the historical accounts, there are many reports of meteoric lights across the skies prior to the first shock, some as far away as Savannah, Georgia, way too far to be any kind of naturally occurring earthquake lights. Church-bells ringing throughout the northeast U.S., many to state they thought the comet had went down in the Ohio river or had "touched the mountain of California". Lights so bright at two-thirty in the morning, one man in Louisville, Kentucky said he could see a needle on the floor. reports of bright lights, loud explosions, clouds of black smoke, smells of sulfur,... in fact there are many descriptions to indicate a meteor impact...
Everyone was scared of the Chickasaw,for what they had done to deSoto. In 1809 they had threatened open war.In 1810 and 1811 they had forced the U.S. Calvary to remove more than five thousand squatters from their land, so there were only natives near this area and the ones that did see the impact and probably up to twenty to thirty miles away from impact were instantly vaporized anyway. As the impact was directed toward New Madrid and happened at two-thirty in the morning, it was misunderstood as an earthquake, the French being a very convincing people, the natives not so much and mainly only the smoke clouds were seen and the shaking was felt near the town of New Madrid, Mo.
There is quite a bit left to study. This involves much of the geography, geology, topography, archaeology,...of the three states of Mississippi, Tennessee and Arkansas.
There is a lot of lost history and misunderstood science, mostly from the misconceptions and superstitions of a more primitive era in time. It will, more than likely take quite a while before this is finally deciphered, added into curriculum and becomes common knowledge. As I have been studying this now for more than fifteen years and trying hard to put this out for the last five years, it will also, more than likely, take a lot more than just my efforts to correct this much of our science and history. That is why I now ask for your help. Anything you can do to get this to the public and to make this known. Students pay a lot for their education. What has been and is being taught is mostly just conjecture with no substance. The research being put forth here is all based on tangible fact... Can you help?
"...I have seen one or two interesting grains (out of many 100s in the slides) that seem to have some planar features, but this finding is not the sort of knock-out punch that you really need to say that there was an impact. There are many geological processes that can give you an embayment. I appreciate your diligence, but I do not think the data are at the point where you could say this is a really viable hypothesis. I encourage you to continue to look for evidence and I will look back at the thin sections from time to time to see if I may have missed something. Right now, I have to say that the microscope work is inconclusive at best. My very best wishes..."
...the only "data" this geologist studied was the few rocks sent and, when asked, had no knowledge of any of the rest of the evidence, even though all the information had been relayed. This is quite typical of what has occurred the majority [99.99%] of the time, so few are willing to study all the evidence and just want to jump to a quick conclusion[- that it just couldn't be true]...
[An individual is entitled to a belief, a scientist is obligated to determine the percentage of possibility]"
https://www.scientificamerican.com/arti ... hropocene/
"...It took some two billion years to create thousands of minerals during the Great Oxidation Event, but the latest increase of hundreds of thousands has mostly occurred since the industrial revolution. It is the fastest rate of new mineral production in Earth’s history, Hazen says. And that is key: “The Anthropocene isn't simply saying that humans have influenced strata,” adds Jan Zalasiewicz, a geologist at the University of Leicester and chair of the Anthropocene Working Group, who was not involved in the study. “It's a symbol of the scale, variety and trajectory of those changes..."